Nakaiyanakan ni Fr. Jose Burgos, iti Vigan wenno Candon?

Salaysay ni Jaime M. Agpalo, Jr.
(Maikadua a paset)

Segun ken ni Danilo Antalan, Palanca Awardee iti Iloko fiction writing, contributing writer iti Tawid News Magasin ken reporter iti DZTP ken mismo a taga-Candon City, ti Brgy. Bagani Gabor ti nadakamat iti marker a Gabor.

Taga-ano aya nga agpayso ni Fr. Burgos? Taga-Candon? Taga-Vigan? Ay, makaulaw! Koma, maatur daytoy.

Pagsayaatan ti Vigan ken Candon no masolbar ken malawlawagan daytoy nga isyo.

Dagiti dadduma pay a nagsusupadi a datos:

Iti Philippine Daily Inquirer, by Rowena C. Burgos, March 06, 2004 ken (wenno) itoy a website:, nailanad ti kastoy:

“Father Burgos is considered one of the most illustrious sons of Vigan. He fought for ecclesiastical reforms during the Spanish colonial period, and was falsely charged, together with Fathers Mariano Gomez and Jacinto Zamora, as masterminds of the Cavite mutiny of 1872. The three were executed by guillotine at Bagumbayan Field (now Luneta Park ) on Feb. 17 of the same year.”

Ngem iti salaysay ni Brigitte Belen Toquero, a naipablaak iti, ayonanna a taga-Candon ni Fr. Burgos.

Kastoy ti mabasa iti salaysay ni Brigitte Belen Toquero: “Jose Burgos, born in Candon of a Spanish Army officer and a Filipino mestiza, was no less a great Candonian and a great Filipino, but of a different mold. He was a nationalist-loyalist, meaning he stood for the national interest, but only by way of reform without separation from Spain. On this he anticipated Rizal, del Pilar and the other greats of the Propaganda.”

Iti lektiur ni Prof. Ambeth Ocampo, chairman ti National Historical Institute iti maudi a lawas ti Setiembre 2006 sadiay UP Baguio, kunana: “In our education system, the more useful the information is, the more well rounded a person (becomes).”

Ngem no kasta met a makaulaw ken agsusupadi dagiti impormasion ken ad-adalen dagiti ubbing, maawananda la ketdi iti ganas nga agadal maipapan iti historia. Ket mapukaw kadakuada (dagiti ubbing) ti ganas ken regget a mangadal ti pribilihio ti historia. No mapasamak daytoy mapukaw metten kadakuada ti kaipapanan ti panagayat ken panagserbi iti nakayanakan nga ili. Saan a mababalaw dagiti ubbing (estudiante ken pupil), ta nagsusupadi dagiti maited kadakuada nga impormasion.

Maikadua, iraman koma mettten ti isyo maipapan iti mapagduaduaan nga “old cathedral iti Cota.” (Basaen dagiti napalabas nga isyo ti Tawid News Magasin).

Maikatlo, ti isyo no sadino a talaga ti nagrubuatan dagiti sangapulo ket lima a kaunaan a sakada — iti Port Salomague wenno iti Manila?

Centennial ita ti Sakada. Ngem nagduduma dagiti impormasion. Adda agkuna a nagrubuat dagitoy iti Salomague Port idinto ta adda met agkuna nga iti Manila, a kas ken ni Amado I.Yoro, Publicity Chair ti Filipino Centennial Commission, Hawaii ken inyimelna toy nagsurat.

Kas panangaturna iti damag a naipablaak iti Tawid, kunana: “Nagluas ti SS Doric (nagangkla iti North Harbor-Manila) idi Nobiembre 1906 a nagluganan dagiti original a 15 a sakada a bin-ig a lallaki ken Ilokano (taga Candon ti kaaduanna kadakuada) ket simmanglad ti SS Doric iti Honolulu Harbor idi Disiembre 20, 1906, sa nailayonda idiay Ola’a Sugar Plantation, Big Island nga immuna a nakaisangalanda iti trabaho.

Dagiti laeng SS Maunawil ken SS Falcon ti nagpundo iti Port Salomague, Cabugao, ti nagluganan dagiti 1946 Sakada.

Panagkunak, makatikaw dagiti dua a petsa a nadakamat.

Umuna a panagbaniaga: Manila dagiti 15 a sakada via SS Doric Nov 1906-Dec 20,1906

Maikadua a panagbaniaga: Port Salomague, Cabugao Enero 1946–Sept 1946, sagdudua a barsada ti SS Maunawili ken SS Falcon.

Ngarud, awan a pulos ti pannakainaig ti Port Salomague iti 1906 a panagluas. Inaturmi idin dagiti pablaak a kasta nga insursurat daytoy reporter ti Star Bulletin (Phil Star wenno Manila Bulletin) a simmurot iti biahe ni Governor Lingle itay Enero 2006. Biddut dagiti immuna a petsa a nadakdakamat maipapan iti PANAGLUAS, ken NAGPUNDUAN WENNO NAGLUASAN dagiti 1906 ken 1946 a sakada.


One Response to Nakaiyanakan ni Fr. Jose Burgos, iti Vigan wenno Candon?

  1. Amado Yoro March 3, 2015 at 3:58 pm #

    APO EDITOR: Saan pay a nagbaliw ti reperensiak maipapan iti ss Doric Dec 201, 1906 manipud Manila; ti SS Maunawili ken SS Falcon ket 1946 Port Salomague, Cabugao, ilocos Sur==========agtultuloy ti researchko aginggana ita iti FIRST OF FIRST FILIPINOS IN HAWAII nga inrugik idi 1999 pas pangulo ti Sakada Committee Oahu filipino Community Council ken United Filipino Council of Hawaii==============Immigration by nationality:

    Per “An Act for Government of Masters & Servants” Hawaii Legislature of 1850 passed a law that employers are permitted to recruit workers from foreign countries. Prior to the Filipino immigration, other ethnic nationals came first in these order:
     Chinese, 1852;
     South Sea Islanders, 1859-1865;
     Japanese, 1868;
     Portuguese, 1878;
     Norwegians, 1881;
     Germans, 1881;
     Puerto Rican, 1900;
     Korean, 1903;
     Filipinos, 1906;
     Spaniards, 1907.

    The Filipino Immigrations:

    Prior to December 20, 1906, it was learned that recent historical discoveries claim that the earliest Filipino came to the United States way back in 1765 when a group of Luzon “indios” working as slaves in the Spanish Galleon Trade jumped ship and settled in the bayous of Louisiana” (Milkfist In Brackish Water/Bangus” by Rev. Fred Vergara.

    “The first recorded settlement of Filipinos in America dates way back to 1763 when Filipinos aboard Spanish galleons jumped ship in New Orleans and fled into the bayous of Louisiana” (Filipino Chronicle Editorial March 1, 2001)

    Andrew Lind mentioned in his book “Hawaii’s People” that there were 5 Filipinos came to Hawaii in 1853 as a cook, musicians. They were scattered in the different neighboring islands”

    Reverend Fred Vergara added that: “Filipinos can serve as “bridge person” in America’s emerging new pluralism. Filipinos and other Asians share a common geographic origin in the Asia-Pacific basin. Filipinos and Black share a common colonial history from Spain. Filipinos and Black share a common experience in slavery and oppression. Filipinos and Native Americans share a common religious heritage and indigenous belief in environmental spirits.

    Filipinos are heirs of over four centuries of Christian culture and traditions from 1521 to 1898 on the Spanish colonization.

    The Hawaii Sugar Planters Assn (HSPA) had decided to extend the recruit to the Philippines, its official representative A. F. Judd went to Manila, and had recruited the first 15 Ilokanos, all males boarded into SS Doric first landed in Honolulu port on December 20, 1906 then proceeded to Ola’a Plantation at the Big Island.

    These 15 males were:
    1. Antonio Gironella, 14
    2. Francisco Gironella, 18
    3. Vicente Gironella, 19
    4. Celestino Cortez, 19
    5. Julian Galmen, 20
    6. Mariano Cortez, 21
    7. Martin de Jesus, 22
    8. Mariano Gironella, 23
    9. Apolonio Ramos, 26
    10. Emiliano Dasulla, 26, married
    11. Cecilio Sagun, 27, married
    12. Prudencio Sagun, 28, married
    13. Marcelino Bello, 28
    14. Filomeno Rebollido, 30
    15. Simplicio Gironella, 56, married
    (Simplicio Gironella was the father of Antonio, Francisco, Vicente, and Mariano Gironella)
    Below names arranged as they were listed in the Oath of Inward Passenger List.

    10- Martin de Jesus = 22 – single
    11- Mauricio Cortez = 21-single
    12-Cecilio Sagun = 27 – married
    13-Marciano Bello = 28 –single
    14-Filomeno Rebollido=30- single
    15-Apolonio Ramos = 26- single
    16-Francisco Gironella = 18-single
    17-Antonio Gironella =14-single
    18-Prudencio Sagun= 28-married
    19-Celestino Cortez =19-single
    20-Emiliano Dasulla=26-married
    21-Julian Galmen=20-single
    22-Simplicio Gironella=56-married
    23-Vicente Gironella=19-single
    24-Mariano Gironella=23-single

    A. F. Judd Report December 1906 – HSPA
    Simplicio Gironella is the father of Antonio, Francisco, Vicente, and Mariano

    What life they were confronted:

    Filipinos coming to America are always confronted by dualistic, bifurcated, double-standard, and dichotomized Western culture. Westerners “split” everything from atom to marriage. Black and White, hostility and hospitality, racism and paternalism, liberalism and fundamentalism, civilized and barbaric, work and play, etc. This is the context in which Filipino Americans and other immigrants find themselves. If they are to survive and thrive, they must learn to live in this context

    “Pagdiriwang 1996: Legacy and Vision of Hawaii’s Filipino Americans “by Jonathan Okumura and Roderick Labrador said: “The commencement of Filipino labor migration to Hawaii on December 20, 1906 ….first Filipino labor recruit arrive in 1906 significantly 15 Ilokanos from the group that would eventually comprised the majority of the Hawaii Filipino population. These 15 were assigned to Ola’a Plantation on the Big Island, and 2 of them were sent on a tour of all the plantations and then were returned to the Philippines “to testify of conditions seen by them”

    Okumura acknowledged that the 15 Ilokanos were not the first arrival, as Andrew Lind pointed out in his book: “All About Hawaii” that 5 were in the island 3 in Honolulu; 2 unknown before December 20, 1906. The reason why the 15 were recognized as the first arrival was that Alfred Judd of HSPA made that official as first recruit workers.

    1907 there were less than 190 Filipino men, said Okumura, quoting Ramon Cariaga, a Filipino anthropologist, while information says: 150 in 1907 by Ruth Mabanglo; Sinking Root: Filipino American Legacy in Hawaii edited by Dean Alegado.

    In 1907, the first recruit of Filipino laborers consisting of 188 men; 20 women and 2 children according to “Filipino Immigrant by Honorante Mariano, University of Oregon Thesis – 1933” : That Filipinos have proven themselves to be good workers. They adopt themselves well to the tasks in the field…85 percent of all Filipinos are engaged in field work…”

    Mariano enumerated the following reasons why Filipinos attracted for emigration:
    • Love of adventure
    • Influence of Steamship companies. Camilo Osias asserted in January 1930 that “steamship companies were the main responsible to the large exodus of Filipinos, and he said in part: “American shipping interest advertise all through the country the allurement of this land of opportunity and promise” One of the sakadas believe that going to Hawaii is just like Paradise and saying “Kasla Gloria Ti Hawaii”
    • Influence of relatives
    • Desires for education
    • Economic causes

    Ruben Alcantara in his Sakada: Filipino Adaptation In Hawaii said: “Sakada story is the basic historical foundation of Filipino life in Hawaii today (Sakada – in general refers to a laborer-recruit, as well as to the process of recruiting..)

    Different Waves of Filipino Immigrations:

    1. First Waves – December 20, 1906- 1919
    2. Second Waves – 1920-1929 In 1925 about 50% Filipinos –sugar plantation workers. Pablo Manlapit led a fight for higher pay and better home
    3. Third Waves – 1930- 1934. The Tyding McDuffie Independence Act/Commonwealth
    4. Fourth Waves – 1946. Mass migration (Gran Exodus). Port Salomague, Cabugao, Ilocos Sur. Syquia Building in Vigan, Ilocos Sur was a Recruiting Center via SS Maunawili and SS Falcon
    5. Fifth Waves – 1965