The most common among the diseases of the cardiovascular system. It is also one of the major risk factors in the development of stroke. The kidneys are also involved in the control of blood pressure.
• Increasing age (above 40 years old for males; menopausal age for female)
• Chronic stress
•Heavy alcohol consumption
• High serum cholesterol level
• Family history of heart disease, diabetes & kidney disease
SIGNS & SYMPTOMS:
• Often has no symptoms (also called a “silent killer”)
• Some people may develop the following:
“ Blurred vision
“ Nausea and vomiting
“ Chest pain and shortness of breath
• Chronic high blood pressure may cause:
“ Heart attack;
“ Heart failure;
“ Stroke or transient ischemic attack(TIA);
“ Kidney failure;
“ Eye damage with progressive vision loss;
“ Leg pain with walking (claudication) due to peripheral arterial disease; and
• Anti-hypertensive medications to control and maintain blood pressure are given.
• Eat a nutritious, low-salt, low-fat diet.
• Exercise regularly.
• Maintain a healthy weight and if overweight or obese, try to lose weight.
• Drink alcohol in moderation.
• Quit smoking.
• Reduce stress and practice relaxation techniques.
— with ShamzxAizer and20 others.