Recreation and sports activities of the Ilokano respondents have bearing on their type of work.       Occupational proximity and similar tasks could be the reason why they engage in the same R and R. After a day’s work, these Ilokano workers could not resist but to invite their fellow workers for some diversionary stroking.

Similarly, their upbringing and orientation in the province they came from are solid values that the promote or hinder the elements of acculturation. Hence, the victories of the Ilokanos, as an ethnic group are highly manifested.


The following conclusions are drawn out from the study:

1. Most of the Ilokano-respondents from Victoria, Oriental Mindoro are in their middle age, females, farmers, have small family sizes, have been living there for more than 30 years, visited their home province but once, largely speaking Iluko, and descendants of Ilocos Sur. 

2. The Ilokanos of Victoria, Oriental Mindoro still value and practice different forms of kinship gatherings like baptism, wedding and wake which they bond themselves as truly Ilokanos. Their identity as lovers of good, exotic foods is a brought trademark in the province. However, their belief in Ilokano-borne traditions and superstitions is rarely practiced due to their religions they profess. Likewise, the existence of multi-languages and various religions affected their socialization activities. Due to their busy schedules, they find no time in engaging in some unproductive activities which they consider to be forms of vices. Finally, the values of the Ilokanos in Mindoro are still visible and tangible. 

3. Ilokano Cultural Practices. The Ilokanos in Mindoro still manage to show their identity as Ilokanos in the crossworld of cultures. Their ability to gather together during important occasions and assert their Ilokano values and indigenous culinary arts are still greatly practiced. However, their socialization skills seem to be on the back light. More so, their beliefs on the supernatural and indulgement in recreation and sports activities are losing hold.

This shows that the Ilokanos in Mindoro have gained minor and great victories in their struggles to survive in a strange land. 

    4. Taken wholly, the type of work of the Ilokanos in Victoria, Oriental Mindoro is highly and negatively correlated with their cultural practices while their province of origin is also significantly and negatively correlated.

a. Individually analyzed, kinship gathering is significantly correlated with the respondents’ sex, type of work and dominant language used at home. This means that those who belong to the same gender feel at ease to associate themselves and speak the same language and technical terms which they both understand.

b. Likewise, the food they cook and eat has something to do with their type of work and province of origin.

c. In the workplace, Ilokanos are governed by some set of beliefs that influence their attitude.

d. On socialization, the Ilokanos in Victoria, Oriental Mindoro are greatly socialized when they have bigger families: the more children they have, the more they interact and socialize with other people and find gratification.

e. Recreation and sports activities of the Ilokano respondents have a bearing on their type of work. Occupational proximity and similar tasks could be the reason why they engage in the same R and R.

f. Values in the workplace could be the same among the workers especially they come from the same province. In short, their upbringing and orientation are solid values that could not easily yield to the elements of acculturation. Ilokanos, as an ethnic group, are deeply values-laden.


Based from the results of the study, the following actions are recommended:

1. In order to further strengthen the camaraderie, and bonding of the Ilokano migrants of Mindoro, they should establish an association that will promote their interests, aspirations and common good.

2. To perpetuate their being Ilokano, and such usually starts in speaking their native tongue, the Iluko language, they should dominantly use the said language both at home and in the workplace. The selling of Bannawag to Ilokanos in Mindoro is highly recommended

3. Advocacies that promote values that are uniquely Ilokano should be undertaken and disseminated.

4. Ilokano compatriots living in other provinces like Region 1 and 2 should find ways to market their native artworks like musicals, literature and the like. In doing so, the Ilokanos in Mindoro would use them in their socialization activities.

5. Other places where Ilokanos migrated should be the focus of other studies; in here comparisons of their lifestyles and migratory practices should be highlighted.#