The following null hypothesis guided the researchers in the conduct of the study, to wit: There is no significant relationship between the profile of the respondents and their cultural practices in Victoria, Oriental Mindoro.
The design used in this research is descriptive in nature where the questionnaire was mainly used to elicit data needed in this study. Interviews as well as documentation were utilized to aid the researchers in justifying some vague answers.
A questionnaire, formulated and validated, was used to answer the questions raised in Chapter 1. Variables used in this study included the personal profile of the respondents and six cultural practices namely kinship gathering, indigenous culinary arts, belief in the supernatural, socialization, recreation and sports activities and values. Part I of the questionnaire dealt with the respondents’ profile while Part II was on the cultural practices of the Ilokano migrants of Victoria.
To determine the level of cultural practices of the respondents, the following scale was used:
5 – 4.21 – 5.00 – Always Practiced (AP)
4 – 3.41 – 4.20 – Greatly Practiced (GP)
3 – 2.61 – 3.40 – Sometimes Practiced (SP)
2 – 1.81 – 2.60 – Rarely Practiced (RP)
1 – 1.00 – 1.80 – No longer practiced (NP)
Though the local officials of Victoria claimed that the Ilokanos dominate other ethnics groups in that place, they still failed to provide the researcher with an accurate data specifying the total number of Ilokanos residing there. Due to this data insufficiency, the researcher used a convenience sample of 136 coming from eight barangays of the said town.
Armed with letters of requests, the researchers went to Mindoro in order to personally distribute the questionnaire. After securing permission from the acting municipal mayor, they approached the MPD officer to identify the barangays which are largely Ilokano dominated. With the help of the Punong Barangays, the questionnaires were floated to the adult Ilokano migrants. After three days, the questionnaires were retrieved. Data were then encoded in the computer using the SPSS as a statistical tool in computing the profile, mean and correlation of coefficient.
The following statistical tools were used in this study: Frequency and percentage count, mean and Pearson product moment of correlation.
DISCUSSION OF RESULTS
Profile of the Respondents.
Age. Out of the 136 Ilokano respondents, 25.74 % belong to the age bracket 45-54. Twenty five each belonged to the 35-44 ( 18.38%) and 55-64 age brackets. Only few belonged to 65-74 ( 16.91%), 25-34 ( 13.97%), 15-24 (3.68%) and 75 and above (2.94%) age brackets. This shows that the respondents are in their middle age.
Sex. There were more females ( 55.04%) than males ( 44.96%). This implies that women are largely household caretakers since they were the ones given with questionnaires to answer.
Type of work. Majority of the respondents are engaged in farming (51.97%) while some are vendors (9.45%) and government employees (6.30%). This implies that Ilokanos are sturdy land seekers and tillers.
Number of children. Almost one half ( 44.12%) of the respondents have 1 – 3 children while 36.03 % of them have 4-6 number of children. However, there were 5.15% who were childless. This implies that the Ilokanos in Victoria prefer small family size rather than a big one.
Number of Years Living in Mindoro. Most of the respondents claimed that they have been living in Mindoro for 31-40 years (25.76%), 21-30 years (21.21%) , 41-50 years (20.45%) and more than 51 years (17.42%). This means that these Ilokanos have largely subjected themselves to the elements of acculturation. Hence, their being Ilokanos has been under attack by other cultures.
Number of Times Visited Ilocos/ Cagayan or Birth of Origin. Most of the respondents alleged that they only visited their home province once (35%). However, 24 % of them declared that they paid visit several times (24%) to Ilocos/ Cagayan, twice (20%) and thrice (9%). Interestingly, six percent said they have not gone to Ilocos region.
This implies that they still look back to their roots in Ilocos Region. The frequency of visitation could be attributed to the distance as well as the expenses incurred by them in traveling.
(To be continued)