The researchers took into considerations the following assumptions of the study:

1.    The entrepreneurs, stone miners and carvers as respondents in this study were considered to be the best source of information.
2.     The questionnaire used was valid.
3.    The above mentioned respondents answered the questionnaire honestly and under normal conditions.

Null Hypothesis

1.    There is no significant relationship between the profile of the stone miners and carvers as respondents to the level of socio-economic difficulties.
2.     There is no significant relationship between the profile of the stone miners and carvers as respondents to the inventory level along needs for tools and equipments, needs for technology transfer and development, and along marketing needs.


This portion of the study provided a discussion of the research design and instrument used, data gathering technique, population, and statistical treatment of the data.

Research Design and Instrument Used.

The researchers used the descriptive method of research. Aquino (1997) defined descriptive method of research as an organized attempt to analyze, interpret and make reports of the present status of institutions, programs or things, group of persons, events or condition or any phenomenon which a researcher wishes to study.
To enrich the study conducted, unscheduled interviews were also conducted to some capitalists to expose the present practice and prospects in the development of the aforementioned industry.
The instrument used was formulated by the researchers themselves; followed by the process of content validation. The following faculty members were instrumental to the validation process of the aforementioned questionnaire: Jaime G. Raras, MAED,  Rico G. Gagto, MAME, Samson Nisperos, MAGAC, Severino Alviento, MPA, Romeo Buenavista, AB (Soc. Sci.), Gerardo Garnace, AB (Pol.Sci), Jerry Buenavista, AB (Pol.Sci.), Donna Dine Baterina AB (Pol.Sci),  Maribel Ibanez, BSE (Eng./Gen.Sci) , and Yolanda Ablang, AB (Eng).  The content validation of the instrument used resulted to a level of very satisfactory with a mean of  3.73.
To determine the level of the socio economic difficulties the scale below was employed:
        Scale                           Interval                               Level
        5                                 4.21-5.00                             Strongly Agree (SA)        
        4                                 3.41-4.20                             Agree (A)        
        3                                 2.61-3.40                             Uncertain (Un)            
        2                                 1.81-2.60                             Disagree     (D)   
        1                                 1.00-1.80                             Strongly Disagree (SDis)
For the inventory on tools and equipments needs for technology transfer and development the scale below was employed:

        Scale                             Interval                             Level

          3                                 2.61-3.40                           Enough and Available (EA)         

          2                                 1.81-2.60                          Available but not enough (ANE)
          1                                 1.00-1.80                            Not Available (NA)

For the Marketing Needs:

        Scale                               Interval                            Level
         5                                   4.21-5.00                          Very Much Needed (VMN)   
         4                                   3.41-4.20                          Slightly Needed (SN)
         3                                   2.61-3.40                          Needed (SN)         
         2                                   1.81-2.60                          Slightly Not Needed (SNN)
         1                                   1.00-1.80                          Not Needed (NN)       

Data Gathering Technique

The researchers utilized more or less 60 students enrolled in RS 200-Thesis Writing last December 2005 and January 2006. With permission from the OIC, Dr. Elizabeth M. Gacusana, principal researcher led these students on top of the site wherein stone mining and breaking activities are actually happening; they also visited the display-marketing place of their products.


There were 62 or 100 percent respondents who were taken or utilized as respondents on site in the three municipalities. On site, meaning they are actually on the site for stone mining and carving at the time the data collectors distributed the questionnaires.

 Statistical treatment of the Data

The researchers coded the data and processed it with the aid of the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) Version 1.0.
      (To be continued)